College Students and Adderall Abuse

Adderall is a combination of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine belonging to a class of medications called stimulants. It was first synthesized in Germany in 1827 and has been sold in pharmacies since 1927. Amphetamine and benzedrine were distributed to American soldiers and pilots in World War II as a way to combat fatigue and maintain alertness under the names benzedrine and Dexedrine.

Today, it is prescribed to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and is considered the first-choice treatment option for ADHD. Studies have shown that it increases focus and attention and reduces impulsive behaviors that are symptoms of ADHD. Between 75 and 80 percent of children with ADHD show improvement with an Adderall prescription or similar stimulants.

College Students and Adderall Abuse

Adderall is a Dangerous Prescription Drug

While many in the medical community believe Adderall to have positive benefits, it is one of the most widely abused prescription drugs among college students. Adderall is a controlled substance, which means that it can cause both psychological and physical dependence and that has the potential for misuse or abuse. Government regulations are determining how controlled substances are prescribed and dispensed. One of the requirements is that the person taking the Adderall sees their doctor and get a new prescription for each refill. The medication has a warning on the box from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) notifying the doctors and patients of its side effects and potential for abuse and addiction. The box also warns that dependence on the drug might lead to obtaining it illegally and for nonmedical purposes. The warning finally states that misuse and abuse can have serious side effects, even heart problems, and death. Adderall is taken in two forms: an oral tablet or and XR extended-release oral capsule.

Adderall Abuse on Campus

All of these warnings about Adderall have not stopped the spread of its use on college campuses. Many students are driven by the desire to exceed in grades and they rely on their ability to stay up all night and remain focused with little sleep. It has become almost as common as drinking extra coffee or mountain dew to take Adderall as an extra boost for good grades and to keep up with all the student activities, including partying. The production of Adderall has rapidly increased since it was originally used for ADHD. From 1993 to 2001, the increase in Adderall produced was 5,767 percent. Sales increased from $1.7 billion in 2002 to about $9 billion in 2012. The drug is so widespread now and the children who grew up with other classmates being prescribed it are now so familiar with it that Adderall is an all too easily accessible option for them.

There are what are termed “street-level dealers” or “traders” who can distribute the pills at about $3 to $5 a pill, all on campus. The use of the stimulant is so common that it is handed out at study groups and seen as a motivational or morale booster due to the high energy and confidence it seems to provide. It is believed to 35 % of college students have abused Adderall for nonmedical reasons.

Stimulant Addiction and Withdrawal Symptoms

The “positive” focus and energy boost does not last forever. As with most drugs, the longer the user takes it, the more that is necessary to achieve the effect. Taking more than the prescribed amount is extremely dangerous, from minor complications like sweating and rapid speech to heart attack and death. There is a long and difficult period of coming down from using the drug which can lead to clinical depression and suicidal tendencies. Detoxing from Adderall abuse brings about these additional withdrawal symptoms: irritability, headaches, oversleeping, insomnia, increased appetite, fatigue, nightmares, difficulty concentrating, achiness, loss of self-esteem, and anxiety.

Allure Detox & Adderall Addiction

The caring staff at Allure Detox in West Palm Beach are here to assist you or a loved one remove can free you or fighting with addiction. We are an evidence-based medical detox center in West Palm Beach that provides detox from drugs and alcohol. The addict is in a safe and secure environment as physical symptoms of withdrawal are removed under our staff’s supervision. While the patient is in detox, our staff will also work with the addict on their path to long term recovery. We allow the addict to start a new life in recovery, free from physical addiction and looking forward to a future of self-knowledge and peace. Please contact us today to end the suffering from addiction.