Kratom comes from the leaves of plant Mitragyna speciosa and it originates in Southeast Asia, mainly Indonesia and Thailand. It has been used in traditional medicines since at least the nineteenth century. Kratom has opioid properties and some stimulant-like effects. In 2019, the United States’ Food and Drug Administration (FDA) stated that there is no evidence that kratom is safe or effective for treating any condition. The FDA is concerned that kratom, which affects the same opioid brain receptors as morphine, appears to have properties that expose users to the risks of addiction, abuse, and dependence. Kratom is a controlled substance in 16 countries and, in 2014, the FDA banned importing and manufacturing of kratom as a dietary supplement.
As of 2018, there is growing international concern about a possible threat to public health from kratom use. In some jurisdictions, its sale and importation have been restricted, and several public health authorities have raised alerts. As of 2018, kratom’s usefulness and safety as a therapeutic agent are unclear, since research into its use has been of poor quality. In 2019, the United States’ Food and Drug Administration (FDA) stated that there is no evidence that kratom is safe or effective for treating any condition. Some people take it for managing chronic pain, for treating opioid withdrawal symptoms, or – more recently – for recreational purposes. The onset of effects typically begins within five to ten minutes and lasts for two to five hours.
What are the Risks of Kratom Abuse?
Kratom addiction is similar to classic opioid dependence and produces unpleasant withdrawal symptoms when you discontinue using the substance. At relatively low doses (1–5 g of raw leaves), at which there are mostly stimulant effects, side effects include contracted pupils and blushing; adverse effects related to stimulation include anxiety and agitation, and opioid-related effects like itching, nausea, loss of appetite, and increased urination begin to appear. At moderate (5 to 15 g of raw leaves) doses and higher, at which opioid effects generally appear, additional adverse effects include tachycardia (an increased stimulant effect) as well as the opioid side effects of constipation, dizziness, hypotension, dry mouth, and sweating.
Long term use of high doses of kratom may lead to development of tolerance, dependence, and withdrawal symptoms on stopping, including loss of appetite, weight loss, decreased sexual drive, trouble sleeping, muscle spasms, muscle and bone pains, jerky movement, watery eyes, hot flushes, fever, diarrhea, restlessness, anger, and sadness. Frequent use of high doses of kratom may cause tremors, anorexia, weight loss, seizures, and psychosis. Serious toxicity is relatively rare and generally appears at high doses or when kratom is used with other substances. In rare cases, chronic use of kratom has been linked to acute liver injury with associated symptoms of fatigue, nausea, itching, and jaundice. Liver injury is associated with cholestasis and may involve acute renal failure.
What is the Danger of Being Addicted to Kratom?
Ultimately the above-mentioned effects of prolonged Kratom use can be treated. But Kratom overdose is a subject of concern in many countries because of the rising number of hospitalizations and deaths in which chronic kratom abuse is a contributing factor. According to clinical reviews, a kratom overdose can cause liver toxicity, seizures, coma, and death, especially when in combination with alcohol abuse.
Between 2011 and 2017, forty-four deaths were kratom-related. Over 18 months in 2016 and 2017, 152 overdose deaths involving kratom were reported in the United States, with kratom as the primary overdose agent in 91 of the deaths, and 7 with kratom being the only agent detected. Nine deaths occurred in Sweden during 2010–11 relating to the use of Krypton, a mixture of kratom, caffeine and O-desmethyl tramadol, a prescription opioid analgesic.
Allure Detox Help You with Kratom Dependence
If you or someone you know is fighting with Kratom dependence, Allure Detox provides a safe and comfortable environment for you to begin your journey in recovery. Our services meet the specific medical, mental, social, occupational, and family needs of our patients. We provide different therapies and treatments in order to maximize each person’s success by facing everyone’s health and happiness head-on.
Our addiction professionals will help you plan your aftercare which includes but isn’t limited to outpatient therapy and residential treatment. Addiction isn’t easy to face. Luckily you do not have to face it on your own. Take the first step towards recovery by reaching out to one of our confidential professionals at Allure detox.